Various Computer Problems And Solutions

computer problems and solutions

Computers are very complex, and there are so many different things that can go wrong. In order to narrow down what type of software you can get in order to fix your problems, you should think about what exactly is giving you problems with your computer. Let’s take a look at some common computer symptoms that you could be experiencing and then some ideas on how to fix them and which software programs would be most beneficial to you.

Slow Performance

If your computer is running very slowly, then there are a few things you can do to clean up your computer to make it run faster. Usually computers will slow down after a while due to file buildups. Also, when you install new programs it makes small changes to your computer. Over time these small changes can add up to really bog down an otherwise good computer. This happens to any type of computer system, including Macs and iPhones.

The best software in this case would be a good cleaning software program. There are several options such as PC Health Advisor and CCleaner. Some free programs can help, and then there are some paid programs that have a bit more functionality.

Errors And Crashes

If you’re getting lots of error messages or your computer is crashing and freezing, you could have a virus or worm. These can be a really destructive problem as they can wreak havoc on your computer. I personally had a worm that prevented my computer from running 30 seconds after bootup. I had to run a program called Reimage in order to successfully repair and restore the files that the worm had messed up.

Missing Or Corrupt Files

Files can go missing through accidental deletion, or they could get corrupted through a virus or malware as discussed above. Sometimes a repair program won’t be able to fix your individual files, however. In that case you might have to get a specific repair program for the type of file that you’re having trouble with. For example, if you’re having problems with Outlook PST files then the best thing that you could do would be to get a PST repair program. These programs make life simple and they can help you to easily fix the problem without having to be a computer expert.

No matter what goes wrong with your files you should always try to keep backups on hand in case the unthinkable happens.

10 Super Tips and Tricks of Microsoft Word


Microsoft Word one of the most popular word processors. However, most of us barely scratch the surface of its abilities.

Following are briefly described below:

1. Configure paste options:

Microsoft Word tries to be helpful when copied text is pasted into a document by automatically retaining the source formatting, while providing the option to change the text to match the formatting of the current document.


To avoid having to choose formatting options every time text is pasted, click the ‘Office’ button, followed by (Microsoft Word Options) then move to (Advanced). In the (Cut, copy and paste) heading, you can use the first four (04) drop down menus to set a default setting for format pasting.

While configuring these options in Microsoft Word, un-tick the box labelled ‘Show Paste Options Buttons’ to prevent the formatting options pop-up from being displayed in the future.

2. Change Full-Justification Formatting:

When full justification is applied to a paragraph, Microsoft Word ensures that text is vertically aligned on the left and right of the page by adjusting the spacing between the words. There are occasions when it may lead to a lot of visible white space.

This justification style that is utilized in Word Perfect, the spacing between individual letters on each line is adjusted to allow for better-looking text when it spans from margin to margin.


To activate this option, click the ‘Office’ button, followed by (Microsoft Word Options), then click the (Advanced) link on the left side. Now scroll to bottom of the advanced options and expand the [Layout Options] entry. Now you just need to add check in box named [Do Full Justification], then click [OK].

3. Use a Hanging Indent:

One of the less frequently used means of formatting paragraphs is the hanging indent. This is where first line is not indented but all are of the rest.


Select paragraph you had like to format, move to the Home tab and double-click the arrow icon in the lower right-hand corner of the ‘Paragraph’ pane.

On the Indents and Spacing tab, use the ‘Special’ drop down menu in the middle of the dialog to select the ‘Hanging’ option and then indicate the indentation level. To apply indent setting, click [OK].

4. Show and Hide the Ribbon:

For many people, the ribbon interface used in Office 2007 is a great step forward. If you fall into the latter category you’ll become happy to know that the ribbon can be temporarily hidden to provide you with a larger working area and clear away the clutter.

The ribbon can easily be hidden by accident, so if this has happened, these tips can be used to show and hide it as required.

The first option is to click the down arrow icon at the end of the Quick Access Toolbar and tick or un-tick the [Minimize the Ribbon] option. This menu may also be found by right-clicking anywhere on the ribbon.

The third option is to double-click one of the tabs at the top of the ribbon to toggle the ribbon on and off. Also, you can use the keyboard shortcut – simply press [Ctrl]+[F1].

5. Number Pages:

It’s easy to configure a header and footer for your Word document so the page number is displayed on every page. In many examples though, a document will have a title page for which a number is not required.


Set up page numbering as required and then in Word 2007 and Word 2010, move to Page Layout tab before clicking the button in the lower right-hand corner. Switch to Layout tab and before clicking OK add check on the box labelled [Different first page].

6. Backup the Quick Access Toolbar:

If you’ve spent a great deal of time customizing the Quick Access Toolbar (QAT), it is all very easy to forget about it if you ever need to reinstall Windows. Thankfully you may create a backup of toolbar, which means it may be brought back without any hassle, or copied to the other machines.


In Windows XP, use Explorer to navigate to ‘C:\Documents and Settings\[username]\Local Settings\Application Data\ Microsoft\Office’, while in Windows Vista or 7, you should head to ‘C:\Users\[username]\ AppData\Local\Microsoft\ Office’.

Here you’ll find a file called ‘Word.qat’ – this can be duplicated for backup purpose, or copied to another personal computer.

7. Remove Formatting:

If text has been formatted and you change your mind about how it should appear, click word in question or select a section of text, and press [Ctrl]+[Space] simultaneously. If formatting has been applied with a style, press [Ctrl]+[Shift]+[N] and it will then revert to the default style.

8. Adjust Font Spacing in Headings:

Text space can be used to help ensure that a heading fits on a single line, rather than wrapping onto a second, or expanded to reduce the amount of white space in a line.


Select a line of text, right click and select Font from the context menu. Width of Letters can be adjusted by selecting a new size from the Scale drop down menu, but it is also possible to adjust spacing. Use up and down arrows in Spacing section to expand or compress it.

9. Compare Documents

There are various reasons why you might want to compare two documents and Microsoft Word provides the option to open two files side by side for this very purpose. However, if you are using a monitor in portrait mode, document comparison is less useful than having one document displayed above the other.


In Microsoft Word 2003 and older, compare the documents by opening two documents, click the ‘Window’ menu and select [Compare Side by Side]. Now click [Window] menu again and select the ‘Arrange All’ option.

In Word 2007 and 2010, open the documents that you want to compare and move to the View tab of ribbon. Click ‘View Side by Side’ button and then click ‘Arrange All’. Press ‘Synchronous Scrolling’ and you can scroll then through both of your documents at the same time.

10. Paste Text with the Spike:

While the clipboard provides a useful way to copy and move text around a MicWord document, there’s a little-known feature called the Spike that provides an alternative. Text that is added to Spike is cut from the document and there is no limit to the number of entries that can be added.


To add text to the Spike, select it and press [Ctrl]+[F3] simultaneously – this can be repeated as many times as required. Paste the contents of the Spike back into a document, you just need to press [Ctrl]+[Shift]+[F3].

This will clear the Spike, ready to start collecting more data, but it is also possible to paste Spike while retaining its contents for future use. Position of the cursor where pasted text should appear type the word spike and then press [F3].


How to “Delete administrator Password” without any software

Method 1

Boot up with DOS and delete the sam.exe and sam.log files from Windowssystem32config in your hard drive. Now when you boot up in NT the password on your built-in administrator account which will be blank (i.e No password). This solution works only if your hard drive is FAT kind.

Method 2

Step 1. Put your hard disk of your computer in any other pc .
Step 2. Boot that computer and use your hard disk as a secondary hard disk (D’nt boot as primary hard disk ).
Step 3. Then open that drive in which the victim’s window(or your window) is installed.
Step 4. Go to location windows->system32->config
Step 5. And delete SAM.exe and SAM.log
Step 6. Now remove hard disk and put in your computer.
Step 7. And boot your computer :-)

50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets

Windows 8 is finally here, and if you’re used to previous versions of Windows then you’re going to notice that quite a bit has changed. In fact, Windows has seen the biggest changes since the jump from Windows 3.1 to Windows 95.

Out goes the Start menu, in comes the new touch-oriented Start screen, new apps, new interface conventions – even experienced PC users may be left feeling a little lost.

Don’t despair, though, help is at hand with the following Windows 8 tutorial. We’ve been investigating every part of Windows 8, uncovering many of its most important tips and tricks, so read our guide and you’ll soon be equipped to get the most out of Microsoft’s latest release.

1. Lock screen

Windows 8 opens on its lock screen, which looks pretty but unfortunately displays no clues about what to do next.

It’s all very straightforward, though. Just tap the space bar, spin the mouse wheel or swipe upwards on a touch screen to reveal a regular login screen with the user name you created during installation. Enter your password to begin.

2. Basic navigation

Windows 8 launches with its new interface, all colourful tiles and touch-friendly apps. And if you’re using a tablet then it’ll all be very straightforward: just swipe left or right to scroll the screen, and tap any tile of interest.

On a regular desktop, though, you might alternatively spin the mouse wheel to scroll backwards and forwards.

And you can also use the keyboard. Press the Home or End keys to jump from one end of your Start screen to the other, for instance, then use the cursor keys to select a particular tile, tapping Enter to select it. Press the Windows key to return to the Start screen; right-click (or swipe down on) apps you don’t need and select Unpin to remove them; and drag and drop the other tiles around to organise them as you like.


50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets


3. App groups

The Start screen apps are initially displayed in a fairly random order, but if you’d prefer a more organised life then it’s easy to sort them into custom groups.

You might drag People, Mail, Messaging and Calendar over to the left-hand side, for instance, to form a separate ‘People’ group. Click the ‘minus’ icon in the bottom right corner of the screen to zoom out and you’ll now find you can drag and drop the new group (or any of the others) around as a block.

Right-click within the block (while still zoomed out) and you’ll also be able to give the group a name, which – if you go on to add another 20 or 30 apps to your Start screen – will make it much easier to find the tools you need.


50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets


4. Quick access menu

Right-click in the bottom left corner (or hold down the Windows key and press X) for a text-based menu that provides easy access to lots of useful applets and features: Device Manager, Control Panel, Explorer, the Search dialog and more.


50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets


5. Find your applications

The Win+X menu is useful, but no substitute for the old Start menu as it doesn’t provide access to your applications. To find this, hold down the Windows key and press Q or either right-click an empty part of the Start screen or swipe your finger up from the bottom of the screen and select ‘All Apps’ to reveal a scrolling list of all your installed applications. Browse the various tiles to find what you need and click the relevant app to launch it.

50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets


6. Easy access

If there’s an application you use all the time then you don’t have to access it via the search system. Pin it to the Start screen and it’ll be available at a click.

Start by typing part of the name of your application. To access Control Panel, for instance, type ‘Control’. Right-click the ‘Control Panel’ tile on the Apps Search screen, and click ‘Pin to Start’. If you’re using a touchscreen, press and hold the icon, then flick down and select ‘Pin to Start’.

Now press the Windows key, scroll to the right and you’ll see the Control Panel tile at the far end. Drag and drop this over to the left somewhere if you’d like it more easily accessible, then click the tile to open the desktop along with the Control Panel window, and press the Windows key to return you to the Start screen when you are done.

7. Shutting down

To shut Windows 8 down, just move the mouse cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen, click the Settings icon – or just hold down the Windows key and press I – and you’ll see a power button. Click this and choose ‘Shut Down’ or ‘Restart’.

Some of the tricks available in previous versions of Windows still apply. Press Ctrl+Alt+Del, for instance, click the power button in the bottom right-hand corner and you’ll be presented with the same ‘Shut Down’ and ‘Restart’ options.

And if you’re on the desktop, press Alt+F4 and you’ll be able to choose ‘Shut Down’, ‘Restart’, ‘Sign Out’ or ‘Switch User’ options.


50 Windows 8 tips, tricks and secrets


Windows 8: hidden tricks and shortcuts

Exploring Windows 8 is a like treasure hunting: every so often, you find a hidden gem. Since the operating system launched in October, Windows 8 revealed a wide range of secrets for those curious enough to find them, ranging from quick shortcuts to helpful maintenance tools.

Type and Search
Need to run a search in Windows 8 for a rarely-used application? Just start typing on an open area of the Start Screen. The operating system pulls up search results based on what you typed. Not having to open a search box is a nice timesaver, although if your touch-typing is as bad of mine you might send the system searching for misspelled apps.

Faster Screen Shots
Press Win + Print Screen (Win + Volume down on a tablet) and automatically save screenshot as a PNG file. No more opening Microsoft Paint, pasting and manually saving screenshots.

Win + X: The Best Shortcut Ever
Like many users, I miss the old Windows Start Menu, with its easy access to My Computer, Documents, and Control Panel. While Windows 8 dispenses with the Start button, Microsoft added a lovely little context menu. Simply press the Windows button + X and the menu appears.

How helpful is it? The menu offers access to everything from the Control Panel and Task manger to Computer Management and Network Connections. All told, the Win X menu offers sixteen helpful shortcuts.

The Task Manager Startup Tab
Some programs have an inflated sense of self-worth. During installation programs assume users want it active at all times, so it slips into your list of Start Up Programs. The more programs automatically running when you start up slows down your computer. The redesigned Windows 8 Task Manager includes a Startup tab, listing all programs that open during Startup. You can quickly scan the list, check off any programs you don’t need running and hit the Disable button.

Jump Lists
Taskbar Jump Lists are great shortcuts, but by listing your Recent Items, they raise some privacy concerns. Do you want just anyone gaining easy access to the documents you recently viewed or the videos you watched? Windows 8 allows users to customize Jump Lists by right-clicking the Taskbar and selecting Preferences. In preferences click Properties and then click the Jump Lists tab. You can know control what pops up when you right-click a taskbar icon.

Schedule Auto Maintenance
Windows 8 Schedules maintenance tasks automatically, including software updates, security scans and diagnostics. By default, these tasks run at 3.00 a.m. You can change the maintenance schedule to suit your own needs. From the Control Panel, click Systems and Security and then select the Action Center. Now click Maintenance and then Start Maintenance. From here, you can alter when Windows 8 performs maintenance, and select which maintenance functions you want to run. You can also choose to perform maintenance tasks manually, if you prefer a more hand-on approach.

Relocating Your Recycle Bin
You’d expect to find your Recycle Bin in the left-hand navigation pane, which lists open apps. But no, a quick peek reveals it’s not there. Microsoft decided to keep the navigation pane as simple as possible, so all you’ll see is a list of open apps. Don’t despair. If you want quick access to your Recycle Bin, click the navigation pane’s View option and select Options. You can now select Show All Folders, adding the Recycle Bin to the navigation pane.

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How to Auto Shutdown and Restart Windows XP and 7

Have you been in a situation where you had to wait for an update to finish so you could shutdown your computer and restart it again? Have you tried using software that only seems to confuse you? Well, there is an easy and sure solution for this and works well in Windows XP and Windows 7. How about Windows Vista? The similarities of Vista and 7 make it also possible for Vista users to apply this solution. Now remember this has nothing to do with starting your PC at a preset time of the day. This is about auto shutdown and restart only.

Auto Shutdown and Restart

1. Go to Desktop and right click. A menu will then pop out. Mouse over on “New” then click “Make New Shortcut” or simply “Shortcut”.

2. Type the following: for shutdown shutdown -s -t 60 and restart shutdown -r -t 60 . Where “-s” is for shutdown, “-r” restart and “-t” for how long before the command will be executed. Remember that the 60 stands for 60 seconds or 1 minute before the execution of the program. So if you want to execute the program after 2 hours simply use this formula: 60 seconds x 120 minutes= 7,200 seconds. Simply put, if you want your computer to shutdown after 2 hours replace 60 with 7200. If this still sounds confusing just remember this formula. Number of hours x 60 minutes x 60 second= number of Seconds.

3. Click Next and type any name that you want for the shortcut and then click finish

4. After the shortcut has been made you will find it placed in your desktop. Now, the shutdown has not yet been activated. To activate it simply double click on the shortcut. Once it is activated you will see the following confirmation on your taskbar. Note: This is Windows 7 notification.

Note: Many Windows 7 users might experience no reaction or notification after activating the auto shutdown or restart. When there is no notification that means the auto shutdown or restart did not activate or failed to activate in the first place. There is nothing wrong with your computer. It’s simply Windows 7′s system be all messed up. Solution: We need to do a clean boot.  If this happens follow the steps below:

1. Go to Start and type “run”

2. Then type “msconfig”.

3. Go to “Services” tab and disable all services. (Don’t worry all Microsoft Services will run again after reboot).

4. Go to “Startup” tab and disable all startup progams.

5. Reboot/Restart your computer. Your Auto shutdown should now work after the reboot/restart.

6. Go back to “msconfig” and tick those services you want to automatically startup after booting up next time.

Why is My PC Crashing?

Nothing can put a damper on productivity quite like a computer that crashes on a regular basis. Sometimes, a crash is preceded by the dreaded “blue screen of death” or another warning; other times, a computer simply shuts off without any warning at all. In either case, the end result is a whole lot of frustration, aggravation and lost work. If your computer has been crashing frequently, you’d probably like to put an end to it. Unfortunately, getting to the bottom of things if often easier said than done. The following tips about improving your computer’s performance, though, are excellent places to begin.

Possibility #1: Corrupted System Registry Files

Every Windows-based PC has something called a Windows registry. The registry contains several files that are integral to the performance and operation of your computer. Over time, some of those files can become corrupted, be misplaced or get lost altogether. When that happens, the system registry becomes compromised – and frequent crashes are all-too-common symptoms. The best way to rule this possibility in or out is by running a Windows registry cleaning program. Such programs scan your Windows registry for problems then automatically make repairs. If you run a registry cleaner and the crashes persist, they are probably being caused by a different issue.

Possibility #2: Disorganized Files

Windows operating systems handle file organization in a way that isn’t very intuitive. Basically, they break files up and fit them into gaps in the computer’s memory. As time goes by, these disorganized files can prompt frequent crashes. Luckily, a great optimization solution is built right into Windows-based PCs: the disk defragmentation utility. Although its location on a computer varies, you can generally locate it within the System and Security section inside the Control Panel. By running a defrag once every few months, you may be able to keep those pesky computer crashes at bay.

Possibility #3: Malicious Software

Malicious software can take many different forms. Sometimes, it’s a virus that is accidentally unleashed after opening a strange email; other times, its adware that tags along with other information that is automatically downloaded from a website. Whatever type it is, there’s no question that malicious software can wreak havoc on a computer’s performance. Happily, there are many topnotch programs out there that regularly scan your computer for the presence of such problems – and that help guard against them, too. Buy one, install it and use it regularly; your crash issues may come to an end.

Possibility #4: Too Little Available Memory

When you buy a new computer, it feels like there’s no end to the amount of memory that it has. Of course, this isn’t true at all. As never-ending as the available memory on your PC may initially seem, the fact is that it can be depleted with incredible speed. You can find out for sure by checking the information within “My Computer.” If it appears that your available memory is low, you can use a PC cleanup program to remove unnecessary files; such programs remove things like temporary Internet files and other file debris that can suck away much-needed memory.

Possibility #5: Overheating

If you’ve run through all of the preceding possibilities and continue experiencing frequent crashes, a hardware issue could be to blame. An easy one to rule out is overheating. A computer’s CPU, or central processing unit, includes a fan that is designed to keep it running cool. Sometimes, the fan wears down and doesn’t work as efficiently; other times, it’s just not able to handle the work that your computer has to do. In either case, buying a bigger, better fan isn’t very expensive. If it puts an end to your PC crashing problem, it will have been more than worth it.

Don’t Put Up with Frequent Crashes!

As discussed, frequent computer crashes can be triggered by a wide variety of issues. Luckily, many of these issues are relatively easy to remedy. Work your way through the preceding list; chances are, you’ll be able to pinpoint the problem and put an effective cure to work. Nine times out of ten, a computer simply needs a little bit of routine maintenance to get it back on track again. In the future, keep these points in mind. Any time you buy a new computer, keep up with its basic maintenance right from the get-go. By doing that, you could avoid “blue screen of death” and crashing problems altogether – and that’s something that you’re bound to appreciate!

How to Improve Your Computer’s Performance

Tips for Speeding Up Your PC

Few things are as frustrating as dealing with a slow, sluggish computer. When a computer is brand new, it works wonderfully well. Over time, though, its performance can slowly begin to worsen. This happens for a number of reasons, but the biggest culprits are things like spyware, adware and other computer threats that are unwittingly downloaded along with other content while online. You don’t have to download thousands of MP3s, movies or other items to experience these problems, either – nobody is immune to them. Instead of accepting the situation, there are plenty of techniques and strategies that you can use to make it better – a few of the best ones are outlined below.

Strategy #1: Clean Your Computer’s Windows Registry

The biggest cause of slow, sluggish PC performance is errors and problems within its Windows registry. Adware, spyware and other threats usually target the registry, damaging or misplacing important files within it. When it comes to PC cleaning, a daily Windows registry cleaning should be at the top of your list of priorities. However, this should never be done manually – there are too many opportunities for major errors that could seriously damage your PC’s operating system. Instead, invest in a high-quality Windows registry cleanup program and configure it to run once per day – you won’t believe the difference that it makes.

Strategy #2: Remove Unneeded Files

Every time you log on to the Internet or otherwise use your computer, temporary files are generated. They are usually only needed once; however, they don’t disappear on their own. Instead, they accumulate over time until they are cluttering up your computer’s file system and affecting its performance. While it’s possible to remove these files one-by-one, it’s much easier and quicker to use a PC cleaning tool that’s designed for the purpose. Try to do so about one time per week to keep your computer humming along with ease.

Strategy #3: Remove Unneeded Programs

Like many people, you probably download and try out many different programs each month. How many of them do you actually end up using on a regular basis? Chances are, not very many of them. By getting into the habit of uninstalling unused and unneeded programs, you can keep your computer’s file system a lot less cluttered. In turn, your PC’s performance will improve dramatically. You can optimize your computer in this way by using its Add/Remove Programs feature. Its location varies by operating system, but you should be able to find it somewhere in the Control Panel.

Strategy #4: Empty the Recycle Bin

When you click “delete” on a file or a program, it doesn’t go away for good – not immediately, anyway. Instead, it sits in a kind of purgatory in your computer’s Recycle Bin. As things pile up in the Recycle Bin, your computer can start exhibiting some very annoying problems. If sluggish startups and frequent crashes are occurring with increasing frequency – and your computer’s recycle bin is very full – go ahead and empty it. From then on, get into the habit of doing so about one time per week. This small but important strategy can make a huge difference.

Strategy #5: Perform a Disk Defragmentation

Windows isn’t very efficient when it comes to storing files. It actually splits them up, depositing them into whatever spaces are available. The more spaced apart the pieces of a file are, the harder your computer has to work to make them run. The Windows disk defragmentation system tune-up utility works to piece all of those files back together again. The process is a long one, though, and only needs to be done about four times per year. Set it up to run automatically once every three months. By doing so, you’ll be able to keep your computer running in tiptop shape.

When it comes to keeping your computer running optimally, small but regular maintenance is the best way to go. Protecting your PC only does so much; even the most careful Internet users in the world unintentionally download malicious software from time to time. By using basic system tune-up tools, cleaning your computer’s Windows registry regularly, performing regular file-cleaning maintenance and otherwise optimizing your PC, you should be able to keep it in like-new condition for a lot longer. Even if your computer has been performing slowly for some time, beginning this regimen is sure to produce results. In the end, you’ll be able to enjoy a computer that flies along – instead of one that spins its wheels.

Hide Files or Folders Using Command Prompt

Trick to hide files and folders using Command Prompt
The most important thing is that, once hidden with this method, the files/folders cannot be viewed by any search options even if you click “Show All Hidden Files and Folders”.

Hiding the most wanted files and folders is very important nowadays and it’s really a tedious job too. In order to make this tedious job an easy one, i’m going to deliver you a the trick now.

For Example: You have a folder named “collegephotos” and this folder is stored in (Disk Drive E). You think that it should not be seen by strangers who use your PC.

For that you need to follow the following instructions

  1. Press windowkey+R: Run command dialog box appears.
  2. Now type “cmd” and hit enter. A command prompt window displays.
  3. Now type “attrib +s +h E:collegephotos” and hit enter.
  4. The folder “collegephotos” will be hidden (Note: It cannot be viewed by any search options)

    (To view this folder again, use the same command but replace ‘+’ with ‘-’ on both flags ‘s’ and ‘h’)